How much does it cost to renovate your bathroom in Denver, CO?
A bathroom remodel is one way to instantly increase your home’s value by updating what may be a cramped or non-fully functioning space. The average cost for a bathroom renovation varies depending on many factors, including a full bathroom remodel, walk-in, bath-to-shower conversion, and more. Other factors include the project timeframe, a complete change in the floor plan, and of course, the location in which the modeling is to take place. If you’re looking for a full remodel in the Denver, Colorado, area, the average bathroom remodel costs can range from $9,611 – $26,641. Suppose you’re considering bathroom renovations. Check out the information below before signing on the dotted line.
Has Covid affected bathroom costs in 2022?
In early 2020 at the beginning of the Covid epidemic, many household improvements ceased, including bathroom remodels. As Covid reached its peak and The World Health Organization declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020, businesses were shut down, including contractors. It would take well into the following year before companies fully began to open again. In 2018, even before the pandemic, the U.S. suffered from a shortage of professionals for flooring, remodeling, and electrical work.
Fast forward to today. Unfortunately, the Covid pandemic cost a surge in prices for labor and materials, which caused a stall in home renovations, specifically kitchen and bathroom remodels. In addition, wood and metal are not readily available due to the shortage of these materials, so supply prices have increased.
Homeowners are recently getting back to the idea of considering a bathroom renovation. But, unfortunately, in a time when bathroom remodels (and any home improvement) demand is increasing, the availability of supplies and the number of qualified laborers is down.
Average Price of Bathroom Renovations Near Me
So, with the average cost for a complete bathroom remodel increasing, how much would you pay in the Denver, Colorado, area? On average, the national prices for a general remodeling project will range from $6,611 – $18,641. This average includes the more minor renovations, like simply swapping the tub for a shower, and the more extensive renovations, like a complete bathroom overhaul. That said, let’s break down the costs further.
In most parts of Denver, Colorado, where the cost of living is 8% higher than the state average and 12% higher than the national average, the price for a bathroom remodeling project is $9,000 – $35,000. This range depends on chosen fixtures, size, materials, and whether you choose a licensed contractor. However, if you have contractor experience, a DIY bathroom remodel is also an option that will cost considerably less.
The Breakdown Cost of a Bathroom Remodel
A complete bathroom remodel is never a one-stop-shop project. You have many options and factors to consider, which is excellent news if you’re trying to keep costs as low as possible. Let’s take a look at some options and break down the price of each option.
Bathroom Renovation Options
Before deciding on costs, as a homeowner, you will need to decide what type of bathroom renovation is best for your needs. Some types of renovations include:
- Master bathroom
- Small bathroom
- Laundry-bathroom combo
- Powder room (or half bath)
- ¾ bathroom
- Guest bathroom
- Ensuite bathroom
The 4 common types of bathroom remodel styles
When it comes to a bathroom remodel, you will also need to consider styles. The 4 major types of styles are:
- Traditional – (One of the most common styles in the home today). This type of bathroom emphasizes functionality
- Rustic – Typically associated with cabin or farm-style type homes
- Modern – Mostly has a clean and streamlined appearance
- Transitional – Usually combines different style areas or elements of two or more types of designs
So what is the cost to remodel my bathroom as a Denver, Colorado resident?
That’s a great question, and here’s a sample breakdown for specific options.
- Bath to shower conversion
- Floorplan change,
- 1-6 month timeframe
The floorplan change would increase the rate, but the extended timeframe of 1-6 months will help keep costs in a more median range.
- Full bathroom remodel
- Floorplan change
The complete remodel, floorplan change, and immediate timeframe will raise the cost of this option.
- Walk-in shower
- No floorplan change
- 1-6 months
Because there is no floorplan change and only a walk-in shower as opposed to a full bathtub, costs will be lower.
*If you’re searching for which suits your budget best, contact Avi’s Remodeling General Contractor for free price quotes.
Bathroom Remodeling vs. Equity
When remodeling your bathroom, you will need to consider whether the remodeling costs are worth the added value to the home. Here’s an extreme example to understand better. If you have a home worth $100,000 and the remodeling costs for one bathroom is $35,000 for a gold-plated tub, a state-of-the-art shower, and a solid gold toilet, chances are you will not see that value back.
According to the National Kitchen & Bath Association, expect to spend 2.5%-5% of your home’s value on a remodel. In other words, if your home is valued at $700,000, your bathroom remodel should cost you between $17,500 and $35,000.
Bathrooms can be a deal breaker (or maker for that case) when it comes to a home sale because often, buyers will not comprise in the number of desired bathrooms. In 2022, a bathroom remodel in Denver, Colorado, can increase the home value between 55% and 58% of the renovation costs. In some cases, a remodel could recoup up to 70% of your costs upon resale.
A bathroom remodel doesn’t necessarily return your investment at resale. However, it is a higher-return project by adding 12%-40% more value to the home with an average added value of 20%.
Prefabricated vs. Custom Bathroom
Prefabricated bathrooms are stock materials (cabinets, shelves) manufactured in advance of their purchase dates by the end consumer. Prefabricated materials tend to be in standard sizes. Custom bathrooms are catered to and built to the consumer’s specified design and features.
Prefabricated Pros and Cons
- Sometimes less expensive
- Delivery is relatively quick since they are manufactured ahead of time
- Installation is easier
- Available in a wide range of colors and sizes
- Easier over time to replace a damaged section if needed
- Fewer design choices possibly causing the consumer to have to settle
- Limitation on sizing, finishes, colors, and depth
- More challenging to refinish and may lead to undesired results
- Shorter life span (typically 10-15 years)
Custom Pros and Cons
- Built to specific tastes
- Tend to be made with better materials
- Easier to accommodate desired special features
- Require more time to complete
- Improper planning may cause a wait of several weeks for a completed kitchen
Budgeting for your Bathroom Remodel
In a state like Colorado, where the national cost of living is 8% higher than the average, you will want to budget for your bathroom remodel, which can help you save money. But what things will you need to budget for? Keep in mind a bathroom renovation is not just about the materials. Other costs can include an architect, a designer, and labor.
When it comes to being organized for your bathroom remodel costs, keep a checklist of the various steps. Here’s an example:
- Determine your budget
- Choose your fixtures – vanity, shower, shower door, sink, toilet, lighting, bathtub
- Figure out needed storage and counter space
- Choose bathroom colors
- Choose wall tile, paint, and flooring
- Plan remodeling steps, like demolition (if needed) and floor/tile installation
DIY Bathroom Installation
As previously mentioned, a Denver bathroom remodeling project can be expensive, depending on your options. You’ll want to know things like, what is a powder room remodel cost versus a master bedroom remodel cost. Should you go through a bathroom remodeling company or a general contractor? There’s just so much to consider!
But have you considered a DIY (Do It Yourself) bathroom installation? With labor estimates in the 60% – 70% of bathroom remodel costs, you should consider installing the bathroom on your own. However, if you have contractor experience and the work is within your skillset, a DIY (Do It Yourself) bathroom is always an option. Or, if you have installation experience but are a little sketchy when it comes to tiling, to save on costs, you may want to consider doing the installation work and hiring a contractor for the tile work.
That said, if the work is beyond your level of expertise (a-hem electrical work), leave those specific tasks to the pros. In some counties, it’s illegal for homeowners to do their own electrical work because sub-par work could be a fire hazard. While it is not illegal to do your own home electrical work in Denver, Colorado, depending on the project, a person may need approval and a permit from the local government to complete the work.
So, if I have minimal DIY bathroom installation experience, can I still do my own work? The answer is yes! If you’re not comfortable taking a sledgehammer to a wall, you can still take on a few of the simpler bathroom renovation projects to help reduce costs. For example, change the fixtures on your vanity, faucet, or toilet. Changing out a faucet is relatively simple and can easily save you $200 in labor. Small swaps like this not only instantly update your bathroom, it can easily save you $1,000 in labor costs.
Painting is another labor cost you can cut by reviving the walls or the vanity with a fresh coat of paint. Neutral/lighter colors make the room feel bigger, and the vanity appear brand new.
For those savvier in the bathroom renovation department, you will still need to have a checklist so you don’t skip any steps. The DIY checklist includes:
- Demolish all materials that are to be replaced
- Install shower (or tub)
- Do drywall repair
- Install floor
- Install toilet
- Install countertop/vanity
- Install lighting/mirror
FAQs and Considerations
When do you know it’s time to remodel your bathroom, specifically in Denver, Colorado? Of course, the last thing you want to do is remodel when there is no need for it, but how do you know when the time is right? Here are a few questions to ask yourself when considering a bathroom remodel.
- Are my bathroom features and designs functional?
- Is the look of my bathroom outdated?
- Is there a contractor in the Denver area that can fit all of my remodeling needs?
- Is my bathroom storage and space no longer functional for my family’s needs?
If you answered yes to any of these questions, it might be time to update your bathroom. But, first, decide what you need. For instance, is it a complete remodel or just an update? An update will cost considerably less than an entire bathroom remodel.
Other facts you need to consider include:
- Do you have plumbing issues? This may be time for a complete remodel.
- Are your drains slow running? This may be simply an update with a new sink fixture.
- Do you have a moldy bathroom? This may be due to an improperly working fan and may simply need an upgrade.
- You never use your tube due to its lack of functionality. This may mean swapping out your tub for an updated shower space. If you still need the tub for children or pets, consider just upgrading the tub instead.
- Do you have cluttered counters and a lack of space in general? If this is the case, a complete bathroom renovation is most likely needed to create more space and a better functioning bathroom.
Deciding on a Bathroom Remodeling Contractor in the Denver, Colorado area
Okay, so you’ve gone through the checklist and concluded that, yes, you need to remodel your bathroom. But how do you find the perfect contractor?
First, decide what exactly you want most out of your remolded bathroom. Yes, this does include fixtures and placement, but this also includes functionality. For instance, if the homeowners are older, you’ll want to consider a low step-in tub or forego a tub altogether and create a shower with safety rails. What about a higher sitting (non-standard) toilet? This is where an architect can help. Since a designer creates the look of the space, the architect and designer would work closely together.
Once you have all those decisions made, it’s time to search for a contractor in the Denver area, which is made simple by the Internet. Many sites have you put in your specs, and then up comes a gazillion contractors just vying for your business. This sounds great, but in actuality can be a daunting task when you have endless variations of Joe’s Contracting, Joseph’s Contracting, and Joe and Son’s Contracting to choose from.
Take a deep breath and dive in, looking for maybe ones closest to your home or bathroom remodelers with 5-star stellar reviews. If you have a referral from a friend or co-worker, even better. Stick with bathroom remodelers that offer free estimates since you may be contacting quite a few of them.
Your best bet is to pick up to 4 bathroom remodel contractors for free estimates and to compare the average cost range. Some will give you an online estimate according to the specs you put in, but others will call and/or come out to your home. Again, this should be free of cost. In Denver particularly, the contracting market is fierce, so most bathroom remodeling companies you contact will get back to you within 24-72 hours at the latest. If they do not get back to you in a fast timeframe, you may want to cross them off your list and move on to the next.
Once you’ve established your top two or three, dive deeper and do more research. Ask/check for awards, certifications, and accolades. Most will have them posted on their website. Some contractors allow you to contact a previous client. After all, the best advertising is word of mouth.
What’s a Realistic Budget for a Bathroom Remodel?
Congratulations! You finally chose a contractor and are ready to begin your bathroom renovation. There’s only one issue; you now need a budget. No, not a budget for a bathroom in the Taj Mahal. You need a REALISTIC budget for your master bathroom remodel in Denver, Colorado. If you don’t have a budget, before you know it, your costs can run way over the amount you originally intended to spend. While costs were briefly explained earlier, let’s do a bathroom remodel cost breakdown. Of course, these items vary depending on the size of the bathroom, location, and chosen fixtures, but in general, here are some of the services and items you’ll need to budget for:
- Any necessary permits
- Labor (other than the ones mentioned below)
*Many bathroom remodeling contractors have more than one skill. For example, your contractor may be a licensed plumber as well.
The average cost of a bathroom remodel in Denver, CO, can run anywhere from $9,500 for smaller jobs to $29,000 for bigger jobs. However, simple things like powder room cosmetic changes can cost as low as $3,500. So, on average, a master bathroom remodel cost will be in the $15,000-$22,000 range.
Average bathroom remodel cost by type (work time):
- Half bath remodel $4,000-$8,100 (5-7 days)
- Small bathroom remodel $7,000-$12,500 (4-8 days)
- Mobile home bathroom remodel $6,000-$10,000 (5-8 days)
- Guest bathroom remodel $9,000-$18,150 (10-14 days)
- Wet room $13,000-$21,000 (10-30 days)
- Master Bathroom remodel $15,000-32,500 (15-25 days)
- High end bathroom remodel $35,000+ (15-35 days)
What Factors Determine a Bathroom Remodeling Price?
It goes beyond just the size when determining a bathroom remodeling cost. Other factors that can drive up the price of your remodel include the chosen materials and the areas you pick to renovate. However, some of the most expensive costs are hiring a skilled professional for the planning and drawing stages, vanity countertops, and tiling, just to name a few.
Remodeling A Wet Area
A wet area of a bathroom is that portion that has been waterproofed because it’s designed to, well, get wet. This is the shower, tub, or a combination of the two. Also included in the wet area are the surrounding walls, which is usually the most expensive part of a bathroom remodeling project.
Many projects are possible regarding the wet area, so time and expense vary quite a bit. For example, if you are doing a simple tub refinish, this may take as little as a couple of hours. However, larger projects such as converting your entire bathroom into a wet room require demolition, which can take several days to a week, and sometimes longer.
A new bathtub for a wet room may cost you $600 for a simple tub to $5,000 (or more) for a bathtub with jets, and this doesn’t include the labor and installation. Showers are slightly cheaper, with the least expensive option being a prefab unit, which can be installed as a DIY project. The DIY option can cost you a minimum of $550. However, a professional installation of a custom shower can run you up to $10,000 since this usually includes replumbing, new tile, and other features.
Updating cabinetry is not as expensive as other parts of your remodeling project. You can opt for Ready-to-assemble cabinets, which costs as little as $50-$250 per unit. The best thing about Ready-to-assemble cabinets is you can install them yourself. Unfortunately, they won’t last as long as other durable materials, such as solid wood and hardwood, but that’s one of the reasons they are less expensive. Remember that bathroom cabinetry should be able to withstand more humidity than other cabinets in the home.
Plumbing and Updating Faucets
Regarding faucets, this is a relatively minor cost. Plus, you can change them yourself for only a couple hundred dollars. Faucets are available in stainless steel, brass, and zinc. A slightly more expensive option is chrome-finished plastic. However, this material is not recommended because of its lack of durability.
While faucets may be inexpensive, making big changes to the plumbing isn’t. As you start remodeling your bathroom, the layout may also change, causing the existing plumbing to change. If this is the case, you will need to hire a licensed plumber to complete the work. The average cost for a plumber typically ranges from $75-$150 per hour.
Cabinets and countertops usually go hand-in-hand, so you’ve got a choice of materials for countertops as well. The good news is bathroom countertops don’t usually need to stand up to the same level of “wear and tear” as kitchen countertops, so there will be more options.
Those options include laminate, tile, and sealed wood, the least expensive materials. However, these materials may sometimes be a little more challenging to clean and are more susceptible to damage. On the other hand, the more expensive materials like marble, granite, and solid surface materials (quartzite) are much more durable but more expensive.
When upgrading your bathroom, if relatively new, you may not even need a brand new toilet. However, if you’re ready to upgrade yours, a new toilet costs an average of $600 for both, plus installation. If you do some Google searching, you may be able to find a bargain for as low as $100 if you do your own installation. Higher-end models include dual flush toilets, smart toilets, and bidets.
Fortunately, bathroom flooring has many options, some of which can save you substantial money. Higher cost options include hardwood and natural stone. Newer options like laminate and vinyl flooring give a high-end appearance for a much lower price. Other popular choices are made from porcelain or ceramic and can be quite inexpensive, although tiles are slightly harder to install and, because of the grout, harder to keep clean.
Flooring is priced by square footage, so size is a determining factor in renovation costs. The amount of time your remodel takes also depends on the tile size. Another flooring option is radiant heating underneath the tile. This cost typically ranges from $18-$25 per square foot.
Light Fixture Replacement
This is another inexpensive option. If you’re just changing your existing light fixtures, you can do this yourself to save on costs. However, if you’re adding new lights or moving lighting around, you should hire an electrician, which on average, costs $45-$130 per hour. Any electrical, especially in an area with a lot of moisture, should always be done by a licensed professional. Even most general contractors subcontract this electrical work.
To help eliminate mold and mildew, ventilation is vital to ensure your bathroom properly dries between uses. Ventilation normally takes the form of an exhaust fan. The cost of replacing a ventilation fan ranges from $250 to $500. However, if you need to install a fan from scratch, you may need to install vents and ductwork. This type of work requires a professional and can cost approximately $1,200.
How Often Do I Need to Remodel?
Do I need to remodel my bathroom every few years? The answer to this question is that it depends. Some people like remodeling their bathroom to update on style. Others update out of necessity. Experts agree that smaller remodels, like swapping out light fixtures and faucets, can be done every 2-5 years. The cost of swapping is relatively cheaper than a full-scale remodel. However, it is suggested that partial and complete bathroom remodels should be done every 7-10 years. (This is only a proposed estimate. Sturdier materials can last longer.)
This average is based on the general lifespan of bathroom materials as they become damaged via everyday wear and tear. This is also based on trends. It’s best to opt for neutral colors to avoid an outdated-looking bathroom.
The important thing to look at when deciding to remodel your bathroom is if it is literally falling apart. For example, if the toilet handle is broken on the tub or the jets no longer work, it’s time to do some upgrades. Also, look at leaking, rust, and other signs of wear and tear. Bathroom remodeling costs aren’t cheap so if after the suggested 7-10 years and your bathroom is still holding up, by all means, put off that remodel.
If you fall slightly below the 7-10 year range but are considering selling your home, you may want to consider remodeling bathrooms to help increase the home’s value. According to Property Market, 29% of those homes sold in 2019 contained at least one newly remodeled bathroom, which added 4-5% more value to the home.
Quick Tips: Updating the contents in your bathroom
As long as we’re on the subject of bathroom renovations, how often should you change items inside your bathroom, like toothbrushes, bath mats, and shower curtains? You may be surprised to find out the answer.
Unfortunately, changing your toothbrush is something people don’t do often enough, resulting in a less effective, bacteria-ridden toothbrush. Experts suggest changing your toothbrush every 2-3 months since, over time, the bristles of your toothbrush become frayed and worn out. These damaged toothbrushes are harsher on your gums and don’t properly clean your teeth.
Generally, bath mats last up to 2 years, depending on the material and how often you wash them. Bath mats gather dirt, dust, and bacteria, so it is important to keep them clean. Because they get extremely wet when we step on them after a shower, you should always allow your mat to dry completely after every use. Do this by hanging them on the shower rail or airing them outside.
Shower curtains collect bacteria easily, so to avoid this, scrub the curtain frequently. This option is suitable for a plastic liner shower curtain. If made from fabric, you can also stick it in the washing machine. If your shower curtain begins to look/smell moldy, replace it.
Bathroom remodel cost breakdown for an 80 sq-ft bathroom
Remember, many factors go into the cost of a bathroom remodel, not just the size. In Denver, the cost can range from $120 – $275 per square foot. A small to full bathroom renovation can range from $2,500 – $15,000. A master bath or custom bathroom renovation can cost in upwards of $10,000 – $30,000. All of these figures are contingent on:
- the quality of materials
- layout changes
Here is the typical range for the average bathroom renovation:
- $8,492 on the low-end
- $12,870 on the average
- $18,239 on the high-end
An 8×10 size room that is 80 sq ft would cost you $9,800-$21,900.
If you’re considering a bathroom renovation, here are a few essential facts that may help you decide.
- Bathroom renovations can increase your home’s resale value and also has a 60% to 68% return on investment.
- DIY remodels can cost $1,600 to $10,000, depending on the type of work and fixture costs>
- The average timeframe for a bathroom remodel is 16-28 days (or approximately 3 to 4 weeks).
To get an exact price on your bathroom remodel, consult a local contractor for a free estimate.
10 Trends to Avoid For Your Bathroom Renovation
So, you’ve finally decided on the who, what, when, where, and how of your bathroom remodel, and now you’re eager to get started. What not to do for your bathroom remodel is just as important as what to do. Many people see bathroom renovation images online and want that for their bathroom. That’s understandable. However, a large jet-style tub may not be a good choice in your small bathroom. A double sink may not fit in your powder room. Choose wisely when considering your bathroom’s style, design, and fixtures. Here are some trends you should avoid regarding your bathroom remodeling.
Floating sinks may be a trend, but it’s also a trend you should avoid. While they look good, they aren’t very practical. There’s no extra storage. Floating sinks also sometimes make the space appear plain.
2.Stick with neutral colors
Sometimes, we want to make a statement, but the bathroom isn’t necessarily the right place for this. A color that may be trending this year won’t necessarily trend next year. Most people don’t upgrade their bathroom every year, so stick with a timeless and neutral color. If you must have color, offset a beige wall with brightly colored towels or bath mats. These items are less expensive to swap out.
3.No bland walls
As stated above, you don’t want trendy hot colors for your bathroom, but there’s no need to make a complete 180 degrees and paint your walls a bland, white color. White is a popular color, but over the years, it has been overdone and, quite frankly, is reminiscent of a hospital. Instead, give your walls a lift by adding a bit of color and patterns to add contrast for a desirable look. If you are set on using white, spruce up the walls with some artwork, or add colorful plants and rugs to help the space pop.
4.Avoid the latest trendy design
Forget the pattern tiles, geometric angles, vintage colors, and bohemian decor and opt for a safer design that is much more transitional. Contrary to popular belief, transitional designs can blend easily, which is helpful for contemporary and traditional designs. Transitional designs are modern and sleek and avoid the hot-for-the-moment label.
5.Just say no to white grout with cement tiles
Tiles can make or break a bathroom, so you’ll want to choose wisely. Go for something sturdy yet practical but also easy to maintain. The issue with cement tiles and grout is that they can stain easily and aren’t very practical to clean. They may be cheaper in the long run, but within the first few days, they will stain, making you feel like you wasted money. Instead, consider tiles that endure splashes, spills and are long-lasting, like porcelain, natural stone, and glass. They may cost a little more but are worth it in the end.
Gone are the days of just practical lighting fixtures and faucets. Upgrade your bathroom space with fixtures that are practical AND stylish. Don’t be afraid to go bold with a pendant light or sconce lighting. If your bathroom is large enough and it fits the design, you may even want to consider chandelier lighting.
White walls are addressed above, but let’s take this a step further and avoid a completely white bathroom. An all white bathroom is not only hard to clean, it’s very easy to get dirty. It also comes off as rather harsh and cold. Adding a neutral color like gray or beige can do wonders to warm it up.
8.Skip the enlarged tubs
While this trend is all the rage, oversized tubs are expensive, unnecessary, and impractical. Just filling up the tub is an added cost to your water bill.
While they look nice in the bedroom or kitchen, hardwood ceilings in the bathroom are a trend that is impractical because moisture and wood do not make for a perfect combination. Bathrooms are often warm and humid due to showers and baths; over time, the wood can become warped or deformed. Then there is the issue of mold possibly growing on the planks.
10.Bold colored wallpaper
Wallpaper, in general, is a no, but bold wallpaper is a double no. Any wallpaper in a humid area tends to peel and curl easily. While boldly colored wallpaper is a trend, it gives an unnecessary mix of colors and textures in areas that used to be for a simple coat of paint. If you must go the wallpaper route, choose a removable one so that you can easily take it down when you’ve come to your senses.
So What Have You Learned Regarding Renovating in the Denver Metro Area?
Here are a few vital takeaways.
- Bathroom renovations can instantly increase your home’s value.
- Depending on the area, bathroom renovation costs range from $5,000 to $35,000. Factors that determine cost include area, size of the bathroom, and chosen fixtures.
- Bathroom renovation prices have increased due to Covid-19 because of decreases in licensed professionals in construction.
- In Colorado, you can do a DIY electrical project in your home but need to be licensed to do work outside of your home. (*If you do not have the experience, it’s best to hire a professional).
- The 4 types of bathroom remodel styles are Traditional, Rustic, Modern, and Transitional.
- Professionals suggest remodeling a bathroom every 5-7 years due to normal wear and tear of materials (faucets, pipes). Because costs are lower, swapping out fixtures can be done more often.
- If you’re looking for a licensed contractor in your state, always do your research, including getting referrals and checking online reviews.
Renovating your bathroom doesn’t necessarily have to be stressful, time-consuming, or expensive. All it takes to have a successful remodel is the necessary research to secure the right team to handle the job. Don’t be afraid to ask questions or ask to see credentials. When it comes to renovations, in the Denver area (or any area for that matter), it’s a consumer’s market, so contractors are out there aiming to please. Good luck!